Alinsky’s Principles in Motion



Alinsky’s Principles in Motion


Smoke and Mirrors is what President George H. W. Bush called it during the Operation Iraqi Freedom. It was making much ado out of nothing, and hitting the enemy where it hurt. It served its purpose quite well I might add but it’s really nothing new and Saul Alinsky laid claim to it in his Rules for Radicals doctrine which Hillary Clinton admired and along with Barack Obama they both used and still use today.


One of the principles is to identify your target (enemy). Since you can’t go after an abstract idea, you can personify that idea with a person. In this case you personify the National Anthem, the US Flag and the US Constitution with a single person – Donald J. Trump, President of the United States of America.


Yes every ill that can be thought up can be attributed or blamed on Trump. It has worked before and brought down powerful men and women by sheer force. Politicians have a tendency to crumble and fall when placed in the spotlight. First they spend most of their time denying the accusations (which many times are totally false or fabricated), and their supporters come out of the woodwork in defense. Each of them becomes fresh targets of opportunity in the game of slugfest where the only one standing is the winner.


Alinsky said it was ok to use their own words and beliefs against them. He said like Christians defending the bible, they can’t because they don’t live up to it. He said to make noise, get things out there publicly and if needed make stuff up. The end justifies the means sort of thing.


Look at what has happened in almost all of Trumps appointments. They have been ridiculed, attacked and in some cases have been withdrawn. Others who are approved are still ridiculed and attacked while in office, causing some of these to resign. The ones who are summarily passed seem to have something akin to blackmail hanging over them and are not even challenged. Interesting don’t you think?


Personal attacks on the Trump family and name have been ferocious and non-stop since the announcement in Trump Tower back in 2015. Anyone else would have crumbled under them, yet Donald J. Trump is not anyone else now is he? He is a junkyard dog in a fight. He’s a man who loves to scrap and is famous for using publicity (good or bad) to his advantage, to keep it in the public arena. He is not one to give up in defeat. In fact defeat is when one simply stops fighting and it is not his nature.


The funny thing about this is those who attack him are the same ones who befriended him for his celebrity status and his fortune. His campaign donations were important to them. They were using him, right? Maybe he was just using them? No matter, one of Trump strategies is to know your enemy. He knows their strengths and their weaknesses and when to apply pressure or withhold it. He knows when to delay just long enough that they mistakenly thing they have the upper hand. By now everybody knows that “love trumps hate” and even I know that you can’t “out trump – Trump”.  But more importantly one cannot afford to forget the “God” factor in this equation.


President Donald Trump is a man on a mission to restore America to its rightful greatness once again. His ambitions are not those of a man seeking to increase his self-worth (bank accounts) but to bring the nation back into prosperity. It is to give people hope for a better future for their families. It is to give hope to those desiring to come to America. It is to bring back justice under the Rule of law in accordance with the Constitution of the United States of America.


You don’t have to love him, in fact you don’t even have to LIKE him and many choose to hate him, but regardless his goal is for you to prosper at home and in the workplace. More jobs, lower taxes and a stronger sense of self-worth are a portion of what Trump brings to the table. Securing our nation’s borders and preventing lawbreakers entering our nation is paramount to what makes this country great is one of his most pressing issues. Getting other countries to stop using the USA as their own personal ATM is another of his priorities. The biggest hurdle is for American citizens to be proud once again of our nation and what it stands for – Freedom and Liberty in a world of political correctness and fear.


For anyone to simply ignore those and vote for higher taxes, more free stuff (nothing is free) and for someone who has trouble balancing their checkbook is preposterous. Politicians promise the moon and back to get your vote. Donald Trump is results oriented. One needs only to look around at the economy and the past two and a half years of the Trump administration’s policies to see results. I have been called many things and I make no apologies for being a Trump apologist. = I am the Real Truckmaster!


One Soldier’s Story



One Soldier’s Story


Yesterday I sat down with a neighbor who in 1970 was a 16 year old Cambodian boy joined the army to fight against the North Vietnamese army that had invaded Cambodia he rose to the rank of sergeant and was in some of the fieriest fighting imaginable. He was wounded twice, hospitalized and escaped prior to around 250 hospital patients being executed as they lay in their cots. He battled overwhelming odds against superior numbers and a better equipped enemy without food, supplies, ammunition and lying submerged in rice paddies with no protective cover he continued to fight for his family, his land and his country. His story continues until he escaped Cambodia in 1984, made it into Thailand and pled in writing for asylum to the United States. After being accepted he and his wife made their way to Colorado Springs arriving in 1988.


His story of the atrocities committed against the Cambodian people even to this day by Vietnamese forces that conquered Vietnam and now basically occupy Cambodia and Laos. The people are still poor with many who survived have nothing of their own.  Many of their educated and professionals and military who fought against the Vietnamese were executed, right down to their newborn babies.


It sickens me inside to hear of the atrocities and of the struggle made by him and many others, yet we hear nothing on the news or on TV except that the US is paying for the removal of herbicide remnants from Vietnam, and mines and war explosives from areas in Cambodia and possibly Laos.


I’m sure that many here have been involved in activities “across the fence” helping the people defend themselves against North Vietnamese forces during the war, but into the mid-1980s? It’s appalling what man will do to his fellow man, and without batting an eye.


Here’s a link I found on Cambodia:


It saddens me to know that while we were told the war ended in 1975, for Cambodia it continues even today. – I am the Real Truckmaster.


My Thoughts on the Secure Fence Act of 2006



My Thoughts on the Secure Fence Act of 2006

(and other immigration issues)


The Secure Fence Act of 2006 was passed in 2006 and signed into law by President George W. Bush (R) on October 26, 2006. Its stated purpose was to “establish operational control over the international land and maritime borders of the United States.” Most debate around the law surrounded a provision that required the building of 700 miles of new fencing along the southern border with Mexico. Supporters argued the fence would improve national security and reduce illegal immigration, while opponents argued that the fence would not effectively reduce illegal immigration and could worsen national security. As of 2016, the border with Mexico was lined with 650 miles of partial fencing.


H.R. 6061 (109th): Secure Fence Act of 2006


What I find interesting are votes by those who have become high profile individuals since this 2006 vote yet we are still vigorously discussing illegal immigration along our southern border in 2019?



Nay Sen Bob Menendez D-NJ

Nay Sen Daniel Inouye D-HI

Nay Sen Harry Reid D-WV

Nay Sen John Kerry D-MA

Nay Sen Joseph Lieberman D-CT

Nay Sen Ken Salazar D-CO

Nay Sen Lincoln Chafee R-RI

Nay Sen Richard Durbin D-IL

NO VOTE Sen Ted Kennedy D-MA (deceased)

Yea Sen Barack Obama D-IL

Yea Sen Barbara Boxer D-CA

Yea Sen Chuck Schumer D-NY

Yea Sen Dianne Feinstein D-CA

Yea Sen Hillary Clinton D-NY

Yea Sen John McCain R-AZ (deceased)

Yea Sen Joseph Biden D-DE

Yea Sen Lisa Murkowski R-AK




These are all the recorded votes by members of the Senate in 2006.



Yea Sen Jeff Sessions R-AL

Yea Sen Richard Shelby R-AL

Yea Sen Lisa Murkowski R-AK

Yea Sen Ted Stevens R-AK

Yea Sen Jon Kyl R-AZ

Yea Sen John McCain R-AZ

Yea Sen Lincoln Blanche D-AR

Yea Sen Mark Prior D-AR

Yea Sen Barbara Boxer D-CA

Yea Sen Dianne Feinstein D-CA

Yea Sen Wayne Allard R-CO

Nay Sen Ken Salazar D-CO

Yea Sen Christopher Dodd D-CT

Nay Sen Joseph Lieberman D-CT

Yea Sen Joseph Biden D-DE

Yea Sen Thomas Carper D-DE

Yea Sen Mel Martinez R-FL

Yea Sen Bill Nelson D-FL

Yea Sen Saxby Chambliss R-GA

Yea Sen John Isakson R-GA

Nay Sen Daniel Akaka D-HI

Nay Sen Daniel Inouye D-HI

Yea Sen Larry Craig R-ID

Yea Sen Michael Crapo R-ID

Nay Sen Richard Durbin D-IL

Yea Sen Barack Obama D-IL

Yea Sen Evan Bayh D-IN

Yea Sen Richard Lugar R-IN

Yea Sen Chuck Grassley R-IA

Yea Sen Tom Harkin D-IA

Yea Sen Sam Brownback R-KS

Yea Sen Pat Roberts R-KS

Yea Sen Jim Bunning R-KY

Yea Sen Mitch McConnell R-KY

Yea Sen Mary Landrieu D-LA

Yea Sen David Vitter R-LA

Yea Sen Susan Collins R-ME

Yea Sen Olympia Snowe R-ME

Yea Sen Barbara Mikulski D-MD

Nay Sen Paul Sarbanes D-MD

NO VOTE Sen Ted Kennedy D-MA

Nay Sen John Kerry D-MA

Nay Sen Carl Levin D-MI

Yea Sen Debbie Stabenow D-MI

Yea Sen Norm Coleman R-MN

Yea Sen Mark Dayton D-MN

Yea Sen Thad Cochran R-MS

Yea Sen Trent Lott R-MS

Yea Sen Kit Bond R-MO

Yea Sen Jim Talent R-MO

Yea Sen Max Baucus D-MT

Yea Sen Conrad Burns R-MT

Yea Sen Chuck Hagel R-NE

Yea Sen Ben Nelson D-NE

Yea Sen John Ensign R-NV

Nay Sen Harry Reid D-NV

Yea Sen Judd Gregg R-NH

Yea Sen John Sununu R-NH

Nay Sen Frank Lautenberg D-NJ

Nay Sen Bob Menendez D-NJ

Nay Sen Jeff Bingaman D-NM

Yea Sen Pete Domenici R-NM

Yea Sen Hillary Clinton D-NY

Yea Sen Chuck Schumer D-NY

Yea Sen Richard Burr R-NC

Yea Sen Elizabeth Dole R-NC

Yea Sen Kent Conrad D-ND

Yea Sen Bryan Dorgan D-ND

Yea Sen Mike DeWine R-OH

Yea Sen George Voinovich R-OH

Yea Sen Thomas Coburn R-OK

Yea Sen Jim Inhofe R-OK

Yea Sen Gordon Smith R-OR

Yea Sen Ron Wyden D-OR

Yea Sen Rick Santorum R-PA

Yea Sen Arlen Specter R-PA

Nay Sen Lincoln Chafee R-RI

Nay Sen John Reed D-RI

Yea Sen Jim DeMint R-SC

Yea Sen Lindsey Graham R-SC

Yea Sen Tim Johnson D-SD

Yea Sen John Thune R-SD

Yea Sen Lamar Alexander R-TN

Yea Sen Bill Frist R-TN

Yea Sen John Cornyn R-TX

Yea Sen Kay Hutchinson R-TX

Yea Sen Robert Bennett R-UT

Yea Sen Orrin Hatch R-UT

Nay Sen Jim Jeffords I-VT

Nay Sen Patrick Leahy D-VT

Yea Sen George Allen R-VA

Yea Sen John Warner R-VA

Nay Sen Maria Cantwell D-WA

Nay Sen Patty Murray D-WA

Yea Sen Robert Byrd D-WV

Yea Sen Jay Rockefeller D-WV

Nay Sen Russell Feingold D-WI

Yea Sen Herb Kohl D-WI

Yea Sen Michael Enzi R-WY

Yea Sen Craig Thomas R-WY



On Passage of the Bill in the Senate

This was a vote to pass H.R. 6061 (109th) in the Senate.

Totals                 All Votes              Republicans           Democrats            Independents

Yea                     80%   80               54                                  26                              0

Nay                    19%   19                  1                                  17                              1

Not Voting         1%     1                   0                                    1                               0

Bill Passed.

Simple Majority Required. Sep 29, 2006 at 9:30 p.m. ET. Source:


On October 26, 2006, U.S. President George W. Bush signed the Secure Fence Act of 2006 (Pub.L. 109–

367) into law stating, “This bill will help protect the American people. This bill will make our borders more secure. It is an important step toward immigration reform.”


The bill was introduced on September 13, 2006 by Congressman Peter T. King, Republican of New York.

In the House of Representatives, the Fence Act passed 283–138 on September 14, 2006.

On September 29, 2006 – the Fence Act passed in the Senate 80–19.


This summary is from Wikipedia.




Border surveillance

Section 2 of the Secure Fence Act directed the secretary of homeland security to implement a system of surveillance for the land and sea borders of the United States, which included the use of the following: [2]

  • unmanned aerial vehicles
  • ground-based sensors
  • satellites
  • radar coverage
  • cameras


The law also directed the secretary to make improvements to physical infrastructure related to border security and the duties of U.S. Customs and Border Protection, such as checkpoints, weather access roads, and vehicle barriers. Under this section, the secretary was also given the authority to take all actions necessary and appropriate to deter and prevent unlawful entry into the United States.[2]


Border fence

Section 3 of the Secure Fence Act directed the secretary of homeland security to provide for the construction of a double-layered fence through the following areas, totaling 700 miles in length: [2][4]

(i) extending from 10 miles west of the Tecate, California, port of entry to 10 miles east of the Tecate, California, port of entry;

(ii) extending from 10 miles west of the Calexico, California, port of entry to 5 miles east of the Douglas, Arizona, port of entry;

(iii) extending from 5 miles west of the Columbus, New Mexico, port of entry to 10 miles east of El Paso, Texas;

(iv) extending from 5 miles northwest of the Del Rio, Texas, port of entry to 5 miles southeast of the Eagle Pass, Texas, port of entry; and

(v) extending 15 miles northwest of the Laredo, Texas, port of entry to the Brownsville, Texas, port of entry.[5]

The law also directed the secretary to install surveillance cameras along the stretch of fence between Calexico, California, and Douglas, Arizona.[2]


Northern border

Section 4 of the Secure Fence Act directed the secretary of homeland security to conduct a study regarding a security system along the northern border. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the necessity of constructing a system, the feasibility of such a system, and the economic impact it could have along the border.[2]




Customs and Border Patrol authority

Section 5 of the Secure Fence Act directed the secretary of homeland security to evaluate the extent of the authority of Customs and Border Patrol (CBP) to stop vehicles entering the United States illegally and determine whether its authority should be expanded. Under the law, the secretary was also directed to evaluate the use of technology by the CBP to stop vehicles and determine whether such technology should be updated. Finally, the secretary was directed to evaluate the training provided to CBP officers regarding stopping vehicles.[2]



Debate concerning the Secure Fence Act primarily surrounded the construction of 700 miles of border fencing. Questions arose about whether building a fence was ethical, whether it would be effective, and whether it would harm foreign relations with Mexico.


Supporters of building the fence argued that the United States, as a sovereign nation, was justified in securing its borders and that doing so would make immigrating to the United States fairer for legal immigrants. They argued that the fence would effectively slow illegal immigration by forcing individuals seeking to cross illegally to attempt to do so in heavily patrolled areas. This extra difficulty would deter more individuals from attempting to cross, proponents contended. In addition, by slowing illegal immigration, supporters argued that the fence would improve national security. It could also improve foreign relations with Mexico as perceived issues with illegal immigration were reduced.[6]


Opponents of the fence argued that it would divide communities that exist along the border and possibly cut off some farmers’ access to water. They also argued that the fence would not deter illegal immigration and would instead put border crossers in greater danger by forcing them to cross via treacherous routes. Crossers could also go around, climb over, or dig under the fence, and a fence would not stop illegal entry via the use of falsified documents. Because the fence would not deter illegal immigration, opponents countered that it would also not improve national security and could even incentivize criminals to become more organized. Opponents contended that the fence would worsen foreign relations with Mexico by sending a signal of distrust and an insult to the idea of “good neighbors.”


From what I’ve been reading this 2006 law was seen as the first step in Comprehensive Immigration Reform and the fence portion is at best a “patch job”. Many of the Senators are still in office and have changed their stance on the fence because President Trump wants it built and called it a “Wall”. More importantly there must be legislative reform of the loopholes that allow unfettered access to our borders by those choosing to enter illegally (such as DACA).


Other “state actors” have taken advantage of the lack of support and confusion by members of Congress in failing to support President Trump’s vision of a secure southern border. They have financed, organized and/or executed plans for massive waves of invaders in a grand attempt to overwhelm US law enforcement officials at the border.


This has been compounded by a number of individuals AND city, county, state and US Legislative Officials who willfully violate US Immigration laws by aiding the unlawful entry of aliens which is a federal offense prosecutable under federal statutes.


Another point of contention has been a Presidential Executive Order to stem the tide of immigrants coming into the United States as seen in Title 8 U.S. Code 1182 – Inadmissible aliens (f) Suspension of entry or imposition of restrictions by President. “Whenever the President finds that the entry of any aliens or of any class of aliens into the United States would be detrimental to the interests of the United States, he may by proclamation, and for such period as he shall deem necessary, suspend the entry of all aliens or any class of aliens as immigrants or nonimmigrants, or impose on the entry of aliens any restrictions he may deem to be appropriate.”


This brings us to the topic of birthright citizenship as defined by the 14th Amendment which says “[a]ll persons born or naturalized in the United States and subject to the jurisdiction thereof” are citizens”.


So contrary to popular belief or what the media and even member of Congress have led us to believe, in 1898 the Supreme Court of the United States laid out the requirements for birthright U.S. citizenship. The first requirement is that a person’s parents must be in this country legally. The second requirement is that they have a legal residence within the United States at the time of their birth. Any person who DOES NOT MEET those 2 requirements IS NOT a citizen of the United States.


Citizenship gained under false pretenses can and should be revoked and that person may be deported and those who assisted someone in gaining citizenship falsely may be fined and imprisoned and have their US citizenship revoked and result in their being deported as well. – I am the Real Truckmaster!


My Take on the Constitution of the United States of America



My Take on the Constitution of the United States of America


Recent discussion and mis-information would lead one to believe that the Constitution is no longer relevant, that it and the symbols of our nation represent slavery. What a load of “bunk”! These so called “legal scholars” are politicians or are simply parroting the rhetoric being openly spread over the media.


Go to the source, from the horse’s mouth so to speak where you can read the current and official version of the US Constitution


Read the entire text of the Constitution of the United States which was written in 1787, ratified in 1788 and has been in operation since 1789. The Preamble to the Constitution begins with three very important words – “We the People” – that affirm the government of the United States exists to serve its citizens.




We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.


Contrary to what you may have been told or have heard others say, the government of the United States does not exist for any other purpose, nor does it serve the interests of any other people. The government is not self-serving, nor does it serve the interests of elected or appointed officials.


The Constitution was established as the Rule of Law whereby setting the tone and national standards for a more perfect Union to establish Justice while insuring domestic Tranquility, providing for the common defense and promoting the general Welfare and securing the Blessings of Liberty for the Founding Families and their offspring to come.


Article I created a Congress, consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives while insuring the supremacy of the people through their elected officials. The Constitution assigned to Congress the responsibility for organizing the Executive and Judicial Branches of government, raising revenue (taxes), declaring war, and making all laws necessary for executing these powers. That has not changed in over 243 years.


Today the Congress has become inflated with complex rules, committees and caucuses that have become so politically charged that the making of laws have ground to a virtual halt. The holders of political power in Congress have become more interested in flexing their political muscles that they interfere with or obstruct the Executive branch and are unable to legislate effectively or efficiently.


The Constitution provides for a Presidential veto on certain legislative acts, but Congress has the authority to override presidential vetoes by two-thirds majorities in both houses (House and Senate). The Senate provides for advise and consent on key executive and judicial appointments and on approval for ratification of treaties.


This separation and balance of governmental powers is designed to safeguard the interests of majority rule and minority rights, of liberty and equality, and of the federal and state governments. The Constitution is more a concise statement of national principles than a detailed plan of governmental operation. The Constitution has evolved over time to meet the changing needs of a modern society and has been amended 27 times, most recently in 1992. The first ten amendments constitute the Bill of Rights.


Annotated Constitutions


The Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation (popularly known as the Constitution Annotated) contains legal analysis and interpretation of the United States Constitution, based primarily on Supreme Court case law.


The Constitution of the United States of America, S.PUB.103-21 (1994) (pdf), prepared by the Office of the Secretary of the Senate with the assistance of Johnny H. Killian of the Library of Congress in 1994, provided the original text of each clause of the Constitution with an accompanying explanation of its meaning and how that meaning changed over time.


One last note on the Constitution, during the initial session of the 1st Congress Representatives were to be chosen every 2 years with terms of 4 years and the Senate for terms of 6 years. Senators were divided into three classes.

Class 1 = terms expired in 2 years,

Class 2 = terms expired in 4 years, and

Class 3 = terms expired in 6 years.

This was by design to insure that it would take three legislative elections to fully change all Representatives and Senators.


The pressing issues of national safety and security is all important in today’s society so isn’t it time for Congress to get back into the business of legislating for the American people?  – I am the Real Truckmaster!


What Boils Your Blood?




What Boils Your Blood?


Do you consider yourself to be a level headed born and bred American? Do you have a strong sense of right and wrong? Are there things that are just not done that way? What does it take to get you fighting mad? What’s important to you – God; Family; Country; Honor; Respect; or fair play?


As a retired military man I can tell you there are usually 3 ways to do just about anything.

  1. There’s the right way, according to procedure, regulation or protocol.
  2. There’s the wrong way, not using or adhering to rule #1.
  3. Then there’s yet another way that just doesn’t work either – Your way.


As a supervisor, platoon sergeant or project manager there is nothing more frustrating than having someone trying to wing it and everything just falls apart.


It’s no different in the private sector. The company has a set way of operating and it is usually not a good idea to ignore them. You can do things the company way and discover a more efficient or productive way to get the job done to save time, money or man hours. But you don’t just get to change things on your own or you’ll soon find yourself on the outside looking in.


There seems to be quite a different approach when it comes to politics. It’s not as much as making things better, safer or efficient. It’s not even about saving money, after all it’s not like it’s their money now is it? Politics seems to be about creating regulations that make it harder for the working class to get things done and make a profit as much as it is about lining ones pockets or padding ones bank account.


There are 435 members of the US House of Representatives and 100 members of the US Senate. Granted we have changed out a number of those members during the recent election cycle, but one has only to ask how does a member of Congress become a millionaire or billionaire on a salary of roughly $174,000 per year over a period of 8 years in office?


It is even more interesting to discover how many days per year they are actually in the Chambers of Congress, doing what they were sent there to do? Did you know that originally Members of Congress were paid a per diem rate instead of a salary? If they didn’t work, they didn’t get paid. Maybe Congress should go back to per diem?


There are a number of issues that Congress should be dealing with today, like getting everybody working and off of public assistance; making it cost effective for folks crossing over the border illegally; national security; cybersecurity; tariffs and a host of other problems like souring crime across the nation; homelessness and lawlessness running amuck.


There are rogue gangs and entities making it their job to enforce their values on American citizens in various cities and doing so with impunity. The basic Rule of Law prohibits killing, robbing, assaulting and causing chaos (for starters). US Law Enforcement agencies are mandated to enforce the laws and are being unlawfully ordered to stand down or told not to cooperate with federal agencies and this is wrong. We see reporters falsely reporting manufactured news, while others become the news because they are reporting what is happening.


There are organized groups, organizations and possibly foreign nations financing and enabling the assault on our southern border using every means at their disposal while attacking the very sovereignty of our nation.


Our nation’s public schools are a mess leaving our students not even able to function when they reach adulthood. Institutions of higher learning are nothing more than brainwashing facilities where degrees are meaningless and graduates encounter the heavy burden of repayment, yet are unable to find employment in their chosen fields of study.


That being said what are members of Congress really concerned with? What do they put all their energy into? What is their focus? – Stopping Trump!


Oh come on, really?


The time is rapidly approaching where men and women will stand firm against evil, but it cannot be done on their own, without Almighty God. He alone is the answer.


So back to my original question, what makes you fighting mad? What will it take before you stop standing in the shadows and move forward, arm-in-arm as one entity standing tall for Freedom, Democracy and for the very soul of America? – I am the Real Truckmaster!


Veterans are Important to America




Veterans are Important to America


They are the brightest and the best America has to offer. In their youth they served in the Armed Forces of the United States of America. They pledged their honor and their lives for the cause of Freedom. They took “The Oath” to protect and defend the Constitution of the United States against ALL enemies both foreign and domestic…… help us God! They’ve seen the best and the worst of humanity. They made a difference without any expectation of praise or recognition. They hung up their uniform, ready should the call “Come to Arms” sound once again. They are America’s Veterans of the Army, Navy, Coast Guard, Marines and the Air Force.


In their youth they walked the walk and talked the talk. They were the original “Bad Boys” when circumstances called for being bad. They were then and are now “Brothers” sharing memories of a distant land where every turn yielded danger and death. They trained their replacements with a determination that nobody would be left behind. They trained for war.


Look around and you’ll see them in the grocery store, the hospital or medical clinic, stock brokers and insurance, in real estate or in the post office. They don’t look any different than you or I but when danger strikes they run toward it, not away. They’ve been there before and know exactly what needs to be done. They have the training and experience and are not afraid to use them. One cannot relate unless you’ve been there. Coming home after war is just not the same. Outwardly they may not look any different but deep inside something has happened that cannot adequately be described.


I’m talking about America’s veterans. These are not the video game snipers who know all the cheats to get to the next level. They are not the video race car drivers who always find a way to win and there is no comparison.


America is on the verge of another civil war where a divided nation stands for honor, respect and decency or for civil unrest and chaos.


The line in the sand is a clear one, yet very few seem to see it. Patriots are those who are prepared and ready and know exactly what to do when the going gets tough. They have a clear advantage over those who confuse socialism with social media where fear, intimidation and violence are simply tools of the trade, a means to an end.


American patriots are God fearing, bible believing, gun toting family men and women who when the time comes will rise up and face the evil menace to society. Do not be quick to judge a man or woman by what you see, because it’s what you don’t see and don’t know that will become known as we ask Almighty God for guidance, strength and victory. – I am the Real Truckmaster!


A Little History Lesson – The Signers of The Declaration of Independence

signers of declaration of independence



A Little History Lesson – The Signers of The Declaration of Independence


Look around us and what do you see? A nation that has lost its ideals and a people so steeped unto themselves that they yearn to become what our founders fought so hard not to.


The world today is in chaos which the Bible describes as the last days or the end times. Man has become lovers of themselves and disdainers of the truth. In a very real sense wrong is seen as right and right has become wrong. It has been said that those who do not learn from history are bound to repeat it.


The United States of America was founded on a biblical idea that all men are created equal to be free to worship Almighty God without government interference. The love of family meant honoring and protecting them was of primary importance. Life is what you make it. With hard work and perseverance one can achieve anything.


How many today would take a bold step, distained by many, yet necessary to forge ahead with a new way of life uncharted by any peoples before you? Would you band together with the intent and the vision to put everything on the line – “Your lives, your fortunes and your sacred honor” – for the cause of freedom?


Contrast that with the current political scene today, power hungry politicians turning this nation into a literal cesspool of filth and degradation ending in the death of our nation. City after city, state after state politicians are calling for your vote to what end – self-injected suicide of our country? Will you join them or stand up to them in defense of our Rule of Law – the Constitution of the United States?


I choose to honor God and Country to preserve the way of life that leads to prosperity and national security, but will you? – I am the Real Truckmaster!



Now for a little history lesson – The Signers of the Declaration of Independence


How much do you know?


About the Signers of the Declaration of Independence


All of the colonies were represented in Philadelphia to consider the delicate case for independence and to change the course of the war.


In all, there were fifty-six representatives from the thirteen colonies






New Hampshire

New Jersey

New York

North Carolina


South Carolina

Rhode Island



Fourteen represented the New England Colonies


Samuel Huntington (1731-1796)

Roger Sherman (1723-1793)

William Williams (1731-1811)

Oliver Wolcott (1726-1797)


John Adams (1735-1826)

Samuel Adams (1722-1803)

Elbridge Gerry (1744-1814)

John Hancock (1737-1793)

Robert Treat Paine (1731-1814)

New Hampshire

Josiah Bartlett (1729-1795)

Matthew Thornton (1714-1803)

William Whipple (1730-1785

Rhode Island

William Ellery (1727-1820)

Stephen Hopkins (1707-1785)


Twenty-one represented the Middle Colonies


Thomas McKean (1734-1817)

George Read (1733-1798)

Caesar Rodney (1728- 1784)

New Jersey

Abraham Clark (1726-1794)

John Hart (1711-1779)

Francis Hopkinson (1737-1791)

Richard Stockton (1730-1781)

John Witherspoon (1723-1794)—

New York

William Floyd (1734-1821)

Francis Lewis (1713-1802)

Philip Livingston (1716-1778)

Lewis Morris (1726-1798)


George Clymer (1739-1813)

Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)

Robert Morris (1734-1806)

John Morton (1725-1777)

George Ross (1730-1779)

Benjamin Rush (1745-1813)

James Smith (1719-1806)

George Taylor (1716-1781)

James Wilson (1742-1798)


Twenty-one represented the Southern Colonies


Button Gwinnett (1735-1777)

Lyman Hall (1724-1790)

George Walton (1741-1804)


Charles Carroll (1737-1832)

Samuel Chase (1741-1811)

William Paca (1740-1799)

Thomas Stone (1743-1787)

North Carolina

Joseph Hewes (1730- 1779)

William Hooper (1742-1790)

John Penn (1740-1788)—

South Carolina

Thomas Heyward, Jr. (1746-1809)

Thomas Lynch, Jr. (1749-1779)

Arthur Middleton (1742-1787)

Edward Rutledge (1749-1800)


Carter Braxton (1736-1797)

Benjamin Harrison (1726-1791)

Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826)

Francis Lightfoot Lee (1734-1797)

Richard Henry Lee (1732-1794)

Thomas Nelson, Jr. (1738-1789)

George Wythe (1726-1806)


Most of the signers were American born

Although eight were foreign born

The ages of the signers ranged from 26 (Edward Rutledge), the majority were in their thirties or forties, to 70 (Benjamin Franklin)

More than half of the signers were lawyers

The others were planters, merchants and shippers

Together they mutually pledged “to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor”

They were mostly men of means who had much to lose if the war was lost

None of the signers died at the hands of the British

One-third served as militia officers during the war

Four of the signers were taken captive during the war

Nearly all of them were poorer at the end of the war than at the beginning

No matter what each of these men did after July 1776, the actual signing of the Declaration of Independence which began on August 2 ensured them instant immortality


The following gives a bit of information about each signer AFTER the signing of the Declaration of Independence.


Samuel Huntington (1731-1796)—Samuel Huntington was a self-made man who distinguished himself in government on the state and national levels. He was the President of Congress from 1779-1781 and presided over the adoption of the Articles of Confederation in 1781.  He returned to Connecticut and was the Chief Justice of the Superior Court in 1784, Lieutenant Governor in 1785 and Governor from 1786-1796.  He was one of the first seven presidential electors from Connecticut.

Roger Sherman (1723-1793)—Roger Sherman was a member of the Committee of Five that was chosen to write the Declaration of Independence.  He and Robert Morris were the only individuals to sign the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution.   He was the Judge of the Superior Court of Connecticut from 1766-1789, a member of the Continental Congress from 1774-81; 1783-84 and a delegate to the Constitutional Convention in 1787.  Sherman proposed the famed “Connecticut Compromise” at the convention and represented Connecticut in the United States Senate from 1791-93.

William Williams (1731-1811)—William Williams was a graduate of Harvard, studied theology with his father and eventually became a successful merchant.  He fought in the French-Indian War and returned to Lebanon, Connecticut where he served for forty-four years as the town clerk.  He was elected to the Continental Congress from 1776-1777, and after signing the Declaration of Independence, Williams was a member of the committee that was instrumental in framing the Articles of Confederation.  He was a delegate to vote on the ratification of the Federal Constitution and also served as a Judge of the Windham County Courthouse.

Oliver Wolcott (1726-1797)—Oliver Wolcott was as much a soldier as he was a politician and served as a brigadier general in the New York campaigns from 1776-1777.  As a major general, he was involved in defending the Connecticut coast from attacks by the Royal Governor of New York.  He was Commissioner of Indian Affairs in 1775 and from 1784-89, a delegate to the Continental Congress from 1775-76 and 1778-84, Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut from 1786-96 and Governor from 1796-97.


Thomas McKean (1734-1817)—Thomas McKean was the last member of the Second Continental Congress to sign the Declaration of Independence.  He was a delegate to the Continental Congress from 1774-81 and served as a delegate to the Congress of the Confederation from 1781-1783.  After 1783, McKean became involved in the politics of Pennsylvania becoming  Chief Justice of Pennsylvania and the Governor of Pennsylvania from 1799-1812.  He retired from politics in 1812 and died at the age of 83 in 1817.

George Read (1733-1798)—George Read was the only signer of the Declaration of Independence who voted against the proposal for independence introduced by Richard Henry Lee of Virginia.  He was elected to the Continental Congress from 1774-1776, was a member of the Delaware Constitutional Convention in 1776, acting Governor of Delaware in 1777, a Judge on the Court of Appeals in 1780, State Senator from 1791-92, a United States Senator from 1789-1793 and Chief Justice of the State of Delaware from 1793-98.

Caesar Rodney (1728- 1784)—Caesar Rodney took a strong stand in favor of independence and because of that, was not reelected to Congress because of the conservatives in the state of Delaware.  They also blocked his election to the state legislature and his appointment to the state’s constitutional convention.  He was interested in military affairs and was involved in action in Delaware and New Jersey during the Revolutionary War.  He was reelected to Congress in 1777 and was nominated as state president from 1778-1781.  He died in 1784 while serving as Speaker of the Upper House of the Delaware Assembly.



Button Gwinnett (1735-1777)—After the Governor died in 1777, Button Gwinnett served as the Acting Governor of Georgia for two months, but did not achieve reelection.  His life was one of economic and political disappointment.  Button Gwinnett was the second signer of the Declaration to die as the result of a duel outside Savannah, Georgia.

Lyman Hall (1724-1790)—Lyman Hall was one of four signers trained as a minister and was a graduate of Princeton College.  During his life he also served as a doctor, governor and planter.  During the Revolutionary War, his property was destroyed and he was accused of treason.  He left Georgia and spent time in South Carolina and Connecticut to escape prosecution.  When the war was over, he went back to Georgia and began to practice medicine.  He served as Governor of Georgia from 1783-1784.

George Walton (1741-1804)—George Walton was elected to the Continental Congress in 1776, 1777, 1780 and 1781, Colonel of the First Georgia Militia, in 1778, Governor of Georgia from 1779-1780, Chief Justice of the State Superior Court of Georgia from 1783-89, a presidential elector in 1789, Governor of Georgia from 1789-1790 and a United States Senator from 1795-1796.  During the Revolutionary War, Walton was captured by the British in 1778 during the attack on Savannah and released within the year.  He was the founder of the Richmond Academy and Franklin College which later became the University of Georgia.


Charles Carroll (1737-1832)—Charles Carroll was one of the wealthiest men in America and was the oldest and longest surviving signer of the Declaration.  From 1789-1792 he served as one of Maryland’s two United States Senators.  He retired from politics in 1804 and spent the rest of his life managing his 80,000 acres of land in Maryland, Pennsylvania and New York.

Samuel Chase (1741-1811)—Samuel Chase was called the “Demosthenes of Maryland” for his oratorical skills.  In 1785 he represented Maryland at the Mt. Vernon conference to settle a dispute between Maryland and Virginia concerning navigation rights on the Potomac River.  He served as an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court from 1796-1811.  He was the only Supreme Court justice to be impeached in 1805.  He was charged with discriminating against supporters of Thomas Jefferson, and he was found to be not guilty.

William Paca (1740-1799)—William Paca was elected to the Continental Congress from 1774-78, appointed Chief Justice of Maryland in 1778, Governor of Maryland from 1782-1785 and Federal District Judge for the State of Maryland from 1789-99.  He was also a planter and a lawyer, but was a relatively minor figure in national affairs.  William Paca also served as a delegate to the Maryland ratification convention for the Federal Constitution.

Thomas Stone (1743-1787)—Thomas Stone was one of the most conservative of the signers along with Carter Braxton of Virginia, George Read of Delaware and Edward Rutledge of South Carolina.  He was elected to the Congress from 1775-78 and again in 1783. He was chosen to be a delegate to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787 but had to decline because of the poor health of his wife.  Shortly after she died in 1787, a grief stricken Stone died a few months later before making a trip to England.


John Adams (1735-1826)—John Adams was the first Vice-President of the United States and the second President.  He was a member (along with Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, Robert Livingston and Roger Sherman) chosen to draft the Declaration of Independence.  He was the first President to attend Harvard University and the first to have a son become president.

Samuel Adams (1722-1803)—Samuel Adams was known as the “Firebrand of the Revolution” for his role as an agitator between the colonists and the British prior to the outbreak of hostilities on April 1775.  He served in the Continental Congress until 1781 and was a member of the Massachusetts State Senate from 1781-1788.  Because he was opposed to a stronger national government, Adams refused to attend the Constitutional Convention in 1787.  He served as Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts from 1789-1793 and Governor from 1794-1797.

Elbridge Gerry (1744-1814)—Elbridge Gerry served for a time as a member of the state legislature of Massachusetts. Although he attended the meetings in Philadelphia to write a new Constitution, at the end he was opposed to it because it lacked a bill of rights.   However, after a “change of heart,” he was a member of the House of Representatives for the first two Congresses from 1789-1793.  He was Governor of Massachusetts in 1810 and 1811 and died in office as Vice-President under James Madison in 1814.

John Hancock (1737-1793)—John Hancock was the President of the Second Continental Congress when the Declaration of Independence was adopted.  He, along with Samuel Adams, were the two most wanted men in the colonies by King George III.  He served as a major general during the Revolutionary War.  He was elected Governor of Massachusetts from 1780-1785 and 1787 until his death in 1793.  He was the seventh President of the United States in Congress assembled, from November 23, 1785 to June 6, 1786.  John Hancock was one of the original “fathers” of U.S. independence.

Robert Treat Paine (1731-1814)—Robert Treat Paine was elected to the Continental Congress, in 1774 and 1776, Attorney General for Massachusetts from 1777-1796, Judge, Supreme Court of Massachusetts from 1796-1804 and State Counselor in 1804.  During his time in Congress, Paine concentrated primarily on military and Indian concerns.  Because of his opposition to many proposals, he was known as the “Objection Maker.”  Paine was one of the original founders of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

New Hampshire

Josiah Bartlett (1729-1795)—Josiah Bartlett served in Congress until 1779 and then refused reelection because of fatigue.  On the state level he served as the first Chief Justice of the Common Pleas (1779-1782), Associate (1782-1788) and Chief justice of the Superior Court (1788-1790).  Bartlett founded the New Hampshire Medical Society in 1791 and was the Governor of New Hampshire (1793-1794).

Matthew Thornton (1714-1803)—Matthew Thornton served as Speaker of the New Hampshire House of Representatives, was an Associate Justice of the Superior Court and was elected to the Continental Congress in 1776.  He was one of six members who signed the Declaration of Independence after it was adopted by the Continental Congress.  He left Congress to return to New Hampshire to become an Associate Justice of the State Superior Court.  He spent his remaining years farming and operating a ferry on the Merrimack River.

William Whipple (1730-1785)—William Whipple was a former sea captain who commanded troops during the Revolutionary War and was a member of the Continental Congress from 1776-1779.  General Whipple was involved in the successful defeat of General John Burgoyne at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777.  He was a state legislator in New Hampshire from 1780-1784, Associate Justice of the New Hampshire Superior Court from 1782-1785, and a receiver for finances for the Congress of the Confederation.  He suffered from heart problems and died while traveling his court circuit in 1785.

New Jersey

Abraham Clark (1726-1794)—Abraham Clark was a farmer, surveyor and politician who spent most of his life in public service.  He was a member of the New Jersey state legislature, represented his state at the Annapolis Convention in 1786, and was opposed to the Constitution until it incorporated a bill of rights.  He served in the United States Congress for two terms from 1791 until his death in 1794.

John Hart (1711-1779)—John Hart became the Speaker of the Lower House of the New Jersey state legislature.  His property was destroyed by the British during the course of the Revolutionary War, and his wife died three months after the adoption of the Declaration of Independence.  During the ravaging of his home, Hart spent time in the Sourland Mountains in exile.

Francis Hopkinson (1737-1791)—Francis Hopkinson was a judge and lawyer by profession but also was a musician, poet and artist.  When the Revolutionary War was over, he became one of the most respected writers in the country.  He was later appointed Judge to the U.S. Court for the District of Pennsylvania in 1790.

Richard Stockton (1730-1781)—Richard Stockton was trained to be a lawyer and graduated from the College of New Jersey.  He was elected to the Continental Congress in 1776 and was the first of the New Jersey delegation to sign the Declaration of Independence.  In November 1776 he was captured by the British and was eventually released in 1777 in very poor physical condition.  His home at Morven was destroyed by the British during the war and he died in 1781 at the age of 50.

John Witherspoon (1723-1794)—John Witherspoon was the only active clergyman among the signers of the Declaration of Independence.  He was elected to the Continental Congress from 1776-1782, elected to the state legislature in New Jersey from 1783-1789 and was the president of the College of New Jersey from 1768-1792.  In his later years he spent a great deal of time trying to rebuild the College of New Jersey (Princeton).

New York

William Floyd (1734-1821)—William Floyd had his estate in New York destroyed by the British and Loyalists during the Revolutionary War.  He was a member of the United States Congress from 1789-1791 and was a presidential elector from New York four times.  He was later a major general in the New York militia and served as a state senator.

Francis Lewis (1713-1802)—Francis Lewis was one who truly felt the tragedy of the Revolutionary War.  His wife died as an indirect result of being imprisoned by the British, and he lost all of his property on Long Island, New York during the war.  When his wife died, Lewis left Congress and completely abandoned politics.

Philip Livingston (1716-1778)—Philip Livingston was not in Philadelphia to vote on the resolution for Independence, but did sign the actual Declaration of Independence on August 2, 1776.  During the Revolutionary War, the British used Livingston’s houses in New York as a navy hospital and a barracks for the troops.  He was the third signer to die after John Morton of Pennsylvania and Button Gwinnett of Georgia.

Lewis Morris (1726-1798)—Lewis Morris was a delegate to the Continental Congress, from 1775-77, a county judge in Worchester, New York from 1777-1778, served in the New York state legislature from 1777-1781 and 1784-1788 and was a member of the Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York.  During the Revolutionary War, Morris was a brigadier-general in the New York state militia, and all three of his sons served under General George Washington.

North Carolina

Joseph Hewes (1730- 1779)—Joseph Hewes was a merchant who was one of the most conservative signers of the Declaration of Independence.  He was a graduate of Princeton College, and he along with John Adams helped to establish the Continental Navy.  He was a member of the state legislature from 1778-1779 and was eventually reelected to the Continental Congress. He died a month after his reelection.

William Hooper (1742-1790)—William Hooper was a graduate of Harvard College and was highly successful in law and politics.  Because of his family situation and financial difficulties, he resigned from Congress to return to North Carolina.  During the war he was separated from his family for ten months and his property was destroyed.  After the war, he was elected to the state legislature and served there through 1786.

John Penn (1740-1788)—John Penn was one of sixteen signers of the Declaration of Independence who also signed the Articles of Confederation.  He was a member of the Continental Congress from 1775-77; 1779-80 and a member of the Board of War in 1780 which shared responsibility for military affairs with the governor. In 1784 he became a state tax receiver under the Articles of Confederation.  After retiring from politics, he practiced law until his death in 1788.


George Clymer (1739-1813)—George Clymer had a great deal of financial talent and signed both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.  His home was vandalized by the British in 1777 during the American Revolutionary War.  He served in the Pennsylvania state legislature from 1784-1788 and was a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1789-1791.  He was later appointed as “collector of taxes” on alcoholic beverages (especially whiskey) in Pennsylvania from 1791-1794.

Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)—After the signing of the Declaration of Independence, Benjamin Franklin helped to negotiate the Treaty of Alliance with France in 1778 and the Treaty of Paris which ended the Revolutionary War in 1783.  He was one of the framers of the Constitution and was known as the “Sage of the Convention.”  He was also elected President of the Pennsylvania Society for the Promoting of the Abolition of Slavery.

Robert Morris (1734-1806)—Robert Morris has been considered the  “Financier of the Revolution,” and contributed his own money to help such causes as the support of troops at Valley Forge and the battles of Trenton and Princeton.  In 1781 he suggested a plan that became the Bank of North America and was the Superintendent of Finance under the Articles of Confederation.  Morris was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention, and was later offered the position of Secretary of the Treasury under the administration of George Washington.  He declined the position and suggested Alexander Hamilton who became our first Secretary of the Treasury. He served as a United States Senator from Pennsylvania from 1789-1795.

John Morton (1725-1777)—John Morton was the first signer of the Declaration of Independence to die and was one of nine signers from Pennsylvania.   He was elected to the Second Continental Congress from 1774-77, and was the chairman of the committee that reported the Articles of Confederation.  He contracted an inflammatory fever and died in Ridley Park, Delaware County, Pa., in April 1777, and is buried in St. Paul’s Burial Ground in Chester, Pennsylvania.

George Ross (1730-1779)—George Ross was elected to the Second Continental Congress from 1776-1777, was a colonel in the Continental Army in 1776; was Vice President of the Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention in 1776 and Judge of the Admiralty Court of Pennsylvania in 1779.  He was not a member of Congress when it voted for independence on July 2, 1776.  Because of illness, he was forced to resign his seat in Congress in 1777.

Benjamin Rush (1745-1813)—Benjamin Rush was elected to the Continental Congress in 1776, appointed Surgeon General in the Middle Department of the Continental Army in 1777, instructor and physician at the University of Pennsylvania in 1778, Treasurer of the U.S. Mint from 1779-1813, and professor of Medical Theory and Clinical Practice at the University of Pennsylvania from 1791-1813.  During the Revolutionary War, Rush was part of an unsuccessful plot to relieve General George Washington of his military command.  He was the most well-known doctor and medical instructor in the United States.  He was a trustee of Dickinson College, helped to found the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery and was a member of the American Philosophical Society.

James Smith (1719-1806)—James Smith was elected to the Continental Congress on July 20, 1776 after the votes had been taken on the resolution for independence and the adoption of the Declaration of Independence.  From 1779-1782 he held a number of state offices including one term in the state legislature and a few months as a Judge of the state High Court of Appeals. He was also appointed a brigadier general in the Pennsylvania militia in 1782.

George Taylor (1716-1781)—George Taylor came to the colonies as an indentured servant and eventually was an Ironmaster at the Warwick Furnace and Coventry Forge.  He was a member of the Continental Congress from 1775-1777.  He returned to Pennsylvania and was elected to the new Supreme Executive Assembly, but served for a very short period of time because of illness and financial difficulties.   His Durham Furnace manufactured ammunition for the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War.

James Wilson (1742-1798)—James Wilson was elected to the Congress from 1775-77 and 1785-87, chosen to be one of the directors of the Bank of North America in 1781, a member of the Constitutional Convention in 1787 and appointed by President George Washington to be an Associate Justice to the US. Supreme Court from 1789-1798.  He experienced personal and financial difficulty in his later years and spent time in debtor’s prison while serving on the Supreme Court.

South Carolina

Thomas Heyward, Jr. (1746-1809)—Thomas Heyward was a planter and lawyer and was one of three signers from South Carolina captured and imprisoned by the British.  He signed the Articles of Confederation while a member of the Continental Congress.  He returned to South Carolina and became a judge and a member of the state legislature.  The British destroyed Heyward’s home at White Hall during the war and he was held prisoner until 1781.  After the war, he served two terms in the state legislature from 1782-1784.  Thomas Heyward became the first President of the Agricultural Society of South Carolina.

Thomas Lynch, Jr. (1749-1779)—Thomas Lynch, Jr. was an aristocratic planter who was the youngest signer of the Declaration of Independence to die at the age of thirty.  He was trained as a lawyer and graduated from Cambridge University in England, and was elected to the Second Continental Congress to carry on the duties of his ill father.  Thomas Lynch Sr. and Thomas Lynch Jr. were the only father and son team to serve concurrently in the Continental Congress.  Thomas Lynch, Jr. and his wife were enroute to France in 1779 when their ship was lost at sea.

Arthur Middleton (1742-1787)—Arthur Middleton was chosen to replace his more conservative father in the Continental Congress in 1776, but failed to attend most of the sessions.  He was captured by the British and was held captive for over a year in St. Augustine, Florida.  During the time of his incarceration, the British destroyed most of his property.  After his release in 1781, Middleton returned to politics and served in the Virginia state legislature and was a trustee of the College of Charleston.

Edward Rutledge (1749-1800)—Edward Rutledge was elected to the Continental Congress from 1774-76 and 1779, a captain in the Charleston Battalion of Artillery from 1776-1779, a state legislator from 1782-1798, College of Electors in the presidential elections of 1788, 1792, 1796 and elected Governor for South Carolina in 1798.  He was the youngest of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.  During the Revolutionary War, Rutledge was a military captain involved in the campaigns at Port Royal Island and Charleston, South Carolina.  He was captured by the British in 1780 and held as a prisoner until 1781.  From 1782-1798 Rutledge was a member of the state legislature and was elected Governor in 1798.


Rhode Island

William Ellery (1727-1820)—William Ellery served with distinction in the Congress of the Confederation until 1786 when he accepted the post of Commissioner of the Continental Loan Office of Rhode Island.  He served in that position until 1790 when he was appointed Customs Collector in Newport.   Although the British destroyed his home during the American Revolution, Ellery was later able to rebuild his fortune.

Stephen Hopkins (1707-1785)—Stephen Hopkins was the second oldest signer of the Declaration of Independence (next to Benjamin Franklin).  He served on the committee that was responsible for the creation of the Articles of Confederation.  He was forced to resign from the Congress in 1776 because of health problems, but was elected to the state legislature of Rhode Island upon his return.



Carter Braxton (1736-1797)—Carter Braxton was elected to the Virginia state legislature after the signing of the Declaration of Independence and also served on the Governor’s Executive Council.  The American Revolutionary War caused him great hardship and he died in financial ruin in Richmond, Virginia.

Benjamin Harrison (1726-1791)—Benjamin Harrison was nicknamed the “Falstaff of Congress” and was the father of President William Henry Harrison and great-grandfather of President Benjamin Harrison.  He was the Speaker of the Lower House of the Virginia state legislature from 1777-1781 and served three terms as Governor of Virginia from 1781-1783.  He was originally in opposition of the new Federal Constitution, but later favored it when it was decided to add a bill of rights.

Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826)—Thomas Jefferson was the chief author of the Declaration of Independence.  He was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1776-79, elected Governor of Virginia in 1779 and 1780, the Associate Envoy to France in 1784, Minister to the French Court in 1785, United States Secretary of State from 1789-1793, Vice President of the United States from 1791-1801, President of the United States from 1801-1809 and established the University of Virginia in 1810.  He was one of the most brilliant men of his time.

Francis Lightfoot Lee (1734-1797)—Francis Lightfoot Lee was the younger brother of Richard Henry Lee.  He signed both the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation as well as serving on both the military and marine committees during his time in Congress.  He left Congress in 1779 and served a few years in the Virginia state legislature.

Richard Henry Lee (1732-1794)—Richard Henry Lee introduced the resolution for independence to the Second Continental Congress in June 1776. He was a Virginia state legislator from 1780-1784 and served in the national Congress again from 1784-1789.  He was initially opposed to the Constitution because it lacked a bill of rights, but he was elected Senator from Virginia from 1789-1792.  However, Lee was forced to resign in 1792 due to poor health.

Thomas Nelson, Jr. (1738-1789)—Thomas Nelson, Jr. had his Congressional career shortened because of health problems.  He served as the commanding General of the Lower Virginia Militia during the Revolutionary War.  He was a delegate to the Continental Congress from 1775-77; 1779 and was elected Governor of Virginia in 1781 after Thomas Jefferson declined reelection.  He spent his remaining years handling his business affairs.

George Wythe (1726-1806)—George Wythe was more well-known as being a classical scholar who taught such great men as Thomas Jefferson, James Monroe, John Marshall and Henry Clay.  He was elected to the Continental Congress from 1775-76, Speaker of the Virginia House from 1777-78 and judge of the Chancery Court of Virginia from 1789-1806.  He was also appointed the first chair of law at the College of William and Mary.  Wythe died mysteriously in 1806 by being poisoned.