An Undercurrent of Mounting Political Pressure in America



An Undercurrent of Mounting Political Pressure in America


The world in which we live seems to be going through a series of changes that are akin to the forming of a pack of wild wolves that roam their territory in search of prey, once found, cornered are attacked by the entire pack in a feeding frenzy until the kill has been made. In the hierarchy of the pack the Alpha Male has first choice consuming his fill. Lessor males and females anxiously await their turn and fight each other for dominance and the right to their fair share. The scraps go to the rest.


There is an undercurrent of mounting political pressure in America that changes the face of humanity before our eyes just as absolute corruption corrupts absolutely and the insanity of politics is complete and total madness. It is the way of gangs, groups and political entities. The leader leads and the followers follow until in the midst of a feeding frenzy as mob rule overtakes normal common sense.


In American politics we have two major political parties Democrats and Republicans. They operate very differently, but have ultimately the same end game. The Democratic Party is the party “of the people” in rhetoric only. They use intimidation tactics, the lure of free stuff and threats to keep voters engaged and on the voter rolls. The Republican Party is the party “protecting the rights of the people” while defending the Constitution against assaults from domestic and international terrorists. They appeal to the people to defend their rights, stand for the rule of law and fight against lawlessness. How different are their messages, yet many would rather die than switch, even when faced with insane and irrational thoughts from the left.


Maybe we should take a look at definitions to clearly see whether certain political trains of thought are still on the track at all. According to several differing online sources we will examine the definition of insanity.


According to the Oxford Dictionary – Insanity is a state of being seriously mentally ill; madness; mental illness; mental disorder; mental derangement; insaneness; dementia; lunacy; instability; unsoundness of mind; loss of reason; delirium; hysteria; mania; or craziness.


According to Merriam- Webster – Insanity is a severely disordered state of the mind usually occurring as a specific disorder; unsoundness of mind or lack of the ability to understand that prevents one from having the mental capacity required by law to enter into a particular relationship, status, or transaction or that releases one from criminal or civil responsibility; extreme folly; utterly foolish or unreasonable.


According to Merriam- Webster – Insane is exhibiting a severely disordered state of mind: affected with mental illness; affected with insanity; unable to think in a clear or sensible way; crazy insane with jealousy.


According to Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia – Insanity is madness or craziness that describe a spectrum of individual and group behaviors that are characterized by certain abnormal mental or behavioral patterns. Insanity can be manifest as violations of social norms, including a person or persons becoming a danger to themselves or to other people.


According to – In contemporary usage, the term insanity is an informal, un-scientific term denoting “mental instability”; In English, the word “sane” derives from the Latin adjective sanus meaning “healthy”.  Juvenal’s phrase mens sana in corpore sano is often translated to mean a “healthy mind in a healthy body”.  From this perspective, insanity can be considered as poor health of the mind, not necessarily of the brain as an organ (although that can affect mental health), but rather refers to defective function of mental processes such as reasoning.


A more informal use of the term insanity is to denote something or someone considered highly unique, passionate or extreme, including in a positive sense. The term may also be used as an attempt to discredit or criticize particular ideas, beliefs, principles, desires, personal feelings, attitudes, or their proponents, such as in politics and religion. Thecondition of being insane; a derangement of themind: Legally – suchunsoundness of mind as freesonefromlegalresponsibility, as forcommitting a crime, or as signalsone’slack of legalcapacity, as forenteringinto a contractualagreement.

Psychosis – extreme foolishness; folly; senselessness; foolhardiness; a foolish or senseless action, policy, statement, etc.


I know that’s a lot to digest but in today’s political climate what is coming across in an attempt to appeal to voters are an entire series of things from Abortion is a woman’s reproductive choice; Free medical, housing, education, and food for those who come here illegally and they have the right to vote; Sanctuary cities and states are protecting illegals; Gender is what one feels they are; Immigration is a right; Upholding US law is unconstitutional; and the biggie is Trump is in a cover up by declassifying documents related to the Mueller investigation after battling almost 3 years of false allegations of Russian Collusion.


Is it not time to take a step back and ask what happened to the safety and security of the American people and the sovereignty of the United States of America? The upcoming 2020 Presidential Election will be the most decisive election in American history. With all the blatant corruption in the US Congress unless voters see through the smoke and mirrors and begin voting corrupt officials out of office nothing will substantially improve until political correctness is abolished completely! – I am the Real Truckmaster!



The Problem with Democratic Capitalism




The Problem with Democratic Capitalism


Many others have written pros and cons of capitalism as it pertains with our country and its relationship with the world order but I’d like to make a case for the single most problem with capitalism – Greed.


The US is a perfect example of what capitalism brings to a society. Take entrepreneurs who take a vision, an idea and bring it to life. It takes more than that, it takes a love for God who created everything; a love for family for whom we each strive to protect and raise to become good upstanding citizens; and it takes 100% of one’s entire focus, time and finances. It is living the American Dream with hard work and pouring oneself into that vision so that it becomes our way of life.


People who use capitalism for ulterior purposes actually undermine our way of life by using terms like democracy or democratic which seem “fair minded” and lead one to thinking that one size fits all is a really great idea for government. Those same people misidentify our country as simply a Democracy where the one in charge of the government is the one responsible for taking care of all of its problems.


Even the very beginning of the word Democracy is the root word – Demon. Thus one could surmise that a Democracy is simply a Demon controlled government. The love of money is the root of all manner of evil and a Democracy is channeling that love of money through very select hands at or very near the top, while stripping it from those who work hard to earn it. The very first way is when money is taken from the poor through a process called taxes and filters UP to those with huge coffers (banks) and used to “take care of” everyone equally. Remember one size fits all? In reality the ones who are taken care of are the ones in charge.


Historically we have numerous examples where capitalism in a Democracy fails in every case. Today we can see countries like North Korea (DPRK), Cuba, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar (Burma) and even nearby Venezuela where total Democracy leads to Socialism and Communism. Even infused with certain portions of Capitalism the people suffer greatly as those at the top use money as power over the people who suffer greatly. At the very foundation of our nation those problems were addressed and in great detail because history shows us that Democracies simply do not work well for anyone except those at the very top and at the expense of everyone else.


Our nation was not founded as a Democracy, but as a Constitutional-Republic where the Rule of Law (Law of the Land) comes from the US Constitution where ultimate power is retained by the people (citizens). The power of the government is restricted by the Constitution. When the government becomes unresponsive to the people the Constitution provides a means to dissolve and reform the government.


We are at this point today in 2019, there are those in power who feel they are superior to the people they were elected to represent. They flaunt their political power and use all manner of ways and means to insure that their power is not interrupted. The guiding force behind their abusive power is political correctness and through its misuse right becomes wrong and wrong becomes right in their eyes.


Do not be deceived and let not your heart be troubled because the single most important factor in the lives of mankind is the love of the creator God from whom everything was created. When a people lose sight of who God is and chose to remove him from every facet of their lives it will not end well.


Not everyone who comes here is seeking a “do over” from the maladies of life in their home countries. There are those who are like leaches that see opportunity. They are the greedy and power hungry who channel others for their own personal gain. They are aided by those inside our country and inside our government who have been struck by that same greed. Left unchallenged they pose a greater threat to the stability of our nation by insisting that THEIR WILL not ours be done as they seek to remove freedom and liberty and replace them with their failed Social Democratic ideas. There is a reason men, women and children come to this nation seeking a better life and maybe that reason is simply God calling them to become his people? As a nation we must return to God as our defender and protector. We must seek his face, trust his word and become obedient to what God has called us to be a light upon a hill that will draw all men unto him. – I am the Real Truckmaster!


Why the Prolonged Push for Impeachment?




Why the Prolonged Push for Impeachment?


Have you ever wondered about that or is it just me? We’ve been hearing it for the past 2 plus years and it started up in earnest just before the mid-term elections. It’s like the neighbors kid out in the garage making music with a single drum……bam…..bam…..bam……bam over and over and over until you either become sensitized to it or call the cops.


So why in 2019 is House Speaker Nancy Pelosi still in the garage with that drum? And why is Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer acting as her wingman? Is there some other agenda being “covered up” and we just can’t see it?


Let’s take a step back and relook at certain events from our most recent past. After President Trump was elected he held the infamous January meeting with congressional leaders to discuss some of the president’s important issues and then House Minority Leader Pelosi made an odd comment about Trump not realizing how much importance she brings to this meeting. That was just before Trump cancelled the meeting.


Ever since then Speaker Pelosi and Minority Leader Schumer have led the charge of the light-headed brigade in their ongoing feud against President Trump. They have repeatedly threatened Trump with impeachment, over and over and over again and again. So much so that after the 2018 mid-term elections and Pelosi became House Speaker her call became louder and more frequent. Some might even call it an obsession.


Today I’ve had face-to-face conversions with one of my Republican friends and one of my Democratic friends and in each case the subject of impeachment has come up. As we discussed the pros and cons of it a new revelation became apparent.


It is my belief that the reason that House Speaker Pelosi who is #3 in the line of succession has been so adamant about not only impeaching the President, but also the Vice President. Guess where that would put her……….in the White House! Yup and just as surely as that would happen guess who would be picked to be her Vice President – Chucky Schumer. Now wouldn’t that be a hoot.


That would do two things immediately, first the House Democrats would have to select another speaker and guess who recently “filled in” for madam speaker – AOC! Also the Senate Democrats would have to select another Minority Leader and maybe Cory Booker is looking to apply for that job or maybe Kamala Harris? But they both have their eyes on the prize of White House occupancy.


I’m thinking on the outside chance of that happening, the nation would sink faster than the Titanic in the middle of the Atlantic.




Congress could quit all the waste and abuse of endless investigations and join the President in a bi-partisan effort to fix what ails the nation and the American citizens. – I am the Real Truckmaster!


Have You Bought Into The Lie?



Have You Bought Into The Lie?


The saying “Momma didn’t raise no fool” seems to have been proven false when it comes to present day politics. I’m not naming names or parties but simply watch the latest news feeds, campaign slogans and what is happening across the nation. Everyone’s a liar and nobody’s the wiser.


There are some who think that political figures walk on water and can do no wrong. Granted there are those who all but come out and say they are the “chosen one” and will eradicate all our hurts and life will be so much better…….if you vote for them.


Some of the 2020 presidential hopefuls are promising free tuition if you broke the law and snuck over the border.. I hear some want to give you free healthcare along with a free government check for just providing a valid address of residence and in some cases you can get a free driver’s license without proving you can even drive, and as a bonus a ticket to vote (although it be illegal) in local, state and federal elections.


Others are promising to send you back without that any of that free stuff if you have entered this nation unlawfully.


I’ve watched as politicians say they will legalize prostitution, tear down the wall, disband the Customs and Border Patrol service and throw open the gates of the “promised land” to anyone who comes here regardless of reason or purpose.


Some of the most mind-boggling are those who promise to end tax cuts and raise taxes on the filthy rich. Who in their right mind relishes paying higher taxes to the government? It’s almost funny because many of those advocating for higher taxes for the super-rich are themselves super-rich while working in government as public servants.


Others promise to bring under control Medicare and social security “benefits” because it’s just too costly to care for seniors, unless they have come here illegally and since when are social security payments considered “benefits”? Social Security is paid in by the worker without earning interest and after reaching a point of not being able to work, paid back as installments which in many cases the recipient us unable to collect all funds paid in due to sudden and urgent death.


So I ask “Have you bought into the lie”? Do you believe that those in congress have your best interests in mind? What have they accomplished thus far in their “public service career”?


A simple test is in order:


Have I as a member of congress made life easier, safer and more fulfilling for the voters who voted me into office?


Or have I enriched my own financial portfolio?


Have I truly looked out for the interests of my constituents?


Have I made the United States of America a better place than before I came into political office?


It doesn’t take a rocket scientist or a brain surgeon to see which way the wind blows, even on a cloudy day. If you listen to all the rhetoric being spewed by the political left, right or center. If you can see what is happening across the country and will admit that things are bad, but getting better then maybe there’s hope for us yet?


Don’t believe any of the he said or she said or they said about anyone. Listen to them with an open mind. Hear them out completely, not out of context. When you go to the polling booth, it’s just between you and that little piece of paper.


Vote your conscious; Vote for results; Vote for America! – I am the Real Truckmaster!


On the Hmong-Americans and the Secret War Documentary

hmong minnesota



On the American Hmong and the Secret War Documentary


I have a great deal of interest on the Hmong people of Laos who fought for their homeland alongside our American forces against the Communist Lao and Vietnamese armies. So when I came across a CNN special I was excited, enthralled and then enraged as the current political undertones immerged.


The host was a very huge black man who learned what we would call “on-the-job-training” or OJT about who the Hmong were, where they came from and how many of them ended up in Minnesota and other places as refugees. Although many of those presented in the documentary were descendants, the focus was on two families who either fought against the oppressors or escaped as children of those who fought.


My interest is that of one who has met several of the local Lao refugees and a Cambodian refugee family here in Colorado, the Hmong are still being sought out by the Laotian military, not as a tribe, but representing the Americans who fought against them during the war and into the mid-1980s. Even today there are places in Laos where foreigners are forbidden to go due to the continual hunt for and the extermination of the remaining Hmong people.


Let me be clear I have never crossed over the Mekong River into Laos and am a bit apprehensive that I would be detained or never seen again, but that’s just me.


The documentary started out with a man In St. Paul, Minnesota who escaped as an 8 year old child, carrying his brother on his back as his family spent 45 days walking out of Laos and into a refugee camp in Thailand. After 4 years in the refugee camp, he and his family were able to come to the USA and into what is not the Hmong area of St. Paul. I saw a bit of Hmong culture, dress, food and the importance of family, as well as the extent of one man’s method of taking his American born children back to Thailand for an educational experience of a life-time so that they too would come to understand the Hmong culture and the importance of taking care of family and each other.


The last portion of the documentary introduced Hmong politicians and entertainers in the St. Paul area. I was caught off guard (remember it was a CNN documentary) but still the blatant attack of whites and of President Trump in particular as referring to the misinformation of the “Trump Muslim Ban” (which never happened) and on to the South as the black’s “secret war” going on today in America. The Hmong city council member even boasted of his banning of Trump from coming to St. Paul. The documentary trailed off with a political spiel about American troops doing the same thing around the world today of creating and/or maintaining other secret wars. By this point I had stopped watching and even erased the recording I had been making of it for future watching (which won’t happen).


What we all can learn from this documentary and as it pertains to immigration is this.


There is a huge difference from refugees who flee political or religious persecution and apply for acceptance in the USA and are ultimately accepted. They come here and work hard to become successful while taking care of their families and maintaining their cultural history which is passed on through their children.


Take the massive and orchestrated waves of migrants who bombard our border with fake claims of asylum and are turned loose inside our country, many never to be seen again when their immigration status is scheduled before an immigration judge.


Legitimate claims for asylum are normally initiated outside the US, in a safe haven (the first country they encounter after leaving their homeland). The Hmong refugees were taken in at a refugee center in Thailand while they were processed in almost all cases it took years.


There are procedures to be followed for the orderly flow of migrants and/or refugees into the USA. The deliberate flooding of people to the US border is in fact an invasion. Immigration is not a right by any means, but a privilege. Nobody has the right to demand or expect to be admitted into any country they are not a citizen of.


As one who is married to a foreign born national who is now a US citizen, having gone through the process for citizenship, I know full well what legal immigrants bring to this nation. They don’t abandon their culture, but work hard to insure their children become productive members of our society.


All the racial division must stop. It is perpetuated not only by politicians, but exploited by the media at the expense of everyone. Merit based immigration is the only way to insure that everyone brings something to the table of contribution in our society. – I am the Real Truckmaster!


Jaded – How Did We Get This Way?



Jaded – How Did We Get This Way?


I’m reminded of the story of the lobster in the pot of water placed over a fire. At first the water becomes warm and comfortable. Before long it starts to get quite warm and then as the temperature reaches the boiling point the lobster is past the point of caring until he’s well done.


When I was born Ike was President and Nixon was the Vice President. Both were World War II veterans and America had just come out of a world war and then the Korean War irrupted. They call that the forgotten war because nobody talked about it when they came home.


I was in junior high when Kennedy was elected and assassinated. As I graduated high school our troops had been in Vietnam and coverage of the war was on televisions across the nation and around the world.


We called it the Vietnam War; the Vietnamese called it the American War and history called it the Second Indochina Conflict. Our government sent us to stop the dominoes from falling in Southeast Asia; Hollywood elites made publicity stints into the camps of our enemies and our media stoked the fires of division and hate. Our troops became public enemy #1; called baby killers and distained by the so called educated who distanced themselves from military service. Our Congress ended military funding of the war and our allies suffered greatly as they were defeated by shear overwhelming odds.


In the years that followed our military has been over-taxed around the world by wars and rumors of wars. Those who chastised us upon return from war became the finishing school indoctrinators, tenured college professors and university deans and the shaming of America continues. Protestors of yesteryear became state and national legislators and even a president.


Our country has been attacked overseas and at home and yet our congress lacks the ability or the will to place the American people’s safety and security first. It seems that their only priority is no priorities. They have become mired down in the muddy swamp of political correctness and all that matters to some are power and control over the American people at any cost.


It stands to reason that one doesn’t look to a student to bring about substantive change especially when there is no vision or series of goals to measure accomplishment. It takes an electrician to run electrical wiring to meet code; it takes a mason to properly set concrete; and it takes a builder to build a house that will withstand the elements and the forces of nature. It is desired that a trained paramedic or firefighter show up at the scene of an accident or injury or a police officer stop a robbery.


There are legislators who were elected into political office when John Kennedy was president, have spent their entire lifetime on the public dole and have watched this political pot come to a boil without anything substantive coming out of their work. The have accumulated power and prestige and in many cases a sizable financial bankroll, but cannot close loopholes or fix problems inherent to our current immigration problems. If they are looking into a tunnel, they cannot see any light at the other end and now want us to believe they are the answer?


President Donald Trump has stepped up to the plate, not because he needed anything the Oval Office had to offer, but because he loves America and saw that a change in direction was required to save the nation from destruction. His priority has been to American citizens. His vision has been relentless. He knows how to get results and failure is not an option. America has been given a second chance at restoring prosperity and leadership. Jobs are plentiful and corporations have returned to American soil. Our standing in world affairs has improved dramatically as world leaders know what to expect with President Trump. What exactly is your problem with Trump, his direct straight from the heart talk that hurt your feelings? Maybe he threatened to take away your favorite toy?


There are so many failed politicians who really do think they are all that and a bag of chips. They think because Trump did it, they can do it better. They think because they are qualified they are therefore the best choice for America. They are not.


I have looked through the list of presidential candidates for the upcoming 2020 election and some are running just to be running. Others are going to give it their best shot against Trump. Still others are in the race because they can. I have not seen, heard or read one single candidate who has the experience, fortitude or vision or can even articulate a viable plan for a better America; not one!


We have become so jaded that we believe everything we hear, see or read. What I have heard is Stop Trump; free stuff & vote for me! That’s it.


Everything else is just rambling, higher taxes – who wants to pay more taxes? Socialism – who doesn’t see Venezuela failing before your eyes? Climate Change – The climate changes constantly, but nothing even radical will keep it from naturally changing. Trying to link Women’s rights to justify abortion – is ludicrous. Murdering a child in the womb or after birth is still Murder.


No person has the right to end the life of another, for convenience or any other reason. Even in instances of rape or unplanned sex. The only protected sex is NO SEX until after marriage between a man and a woman.  God creates life and every life has a purpose. – I am the Real Truckmaster!


A Little History Lesson – The Signers of The Declaration of Independence

signers of declaration of independence



A Little History Lesson – The Signers of The Declaration of Independence


Look around us and what do you see? A nation that has lost its ideals and a people so steeped unto themselves that they yearn to become what our founders fought so hard not to.


The world today is in chaos which the Bible describes as the last days or the end times. Man has become lovers of themselves and disdainers of the truth. In a very real sense wrong is seen as right and right has become wrong. It has been said that those who do not learn from history are bound to repeat it.


The United States of America was founded on a biblical idea that all men are created equal to be free to worship Almighty God without government interference. The love of family meant honoring and protecting them was of primary importance. Life is what you make it. With hard work and perseverance one can achieve anything.


How many today would take a bold step, distained by many, yet necessary to forge ahead with a new way of life uncharted by any peoples before you? Would you band together with the intent and the vision to put everything on the line – “Your lives, your fortunes and your sacred honor” – for the cause of freedom?


Contrast that with the current political scene today, power hungry politicians turning this nation into a literal cesspool of filth and degradation ending in the death of our nation. City after city, state after state politicians are calling for your vote to what end – self-injected suicide of our country? Will you join them or stand up to them in defense of our Rule of Law – the Constitution of the United States?


I choose to honor God and Country to preserve the way of life that leads to prosperity and national security, but will you? – I am the Real Truckmaster!



Now for a little history lesson – The Signers of the Declaration of Independence


How much do you know?


About the Signers of the Declaration of Independence


All of the colonies were represented in Philadelphia to consider the delicate case for independence and to change the course of the war.


In all, there were fifty-six representatives from the thirteen colonies






New Hampshire

New Jersey

New York

North Carolina


South Carolina

Rhode Island



Fourteen represented the New England Colonies


Samuel Huntington (1731-1796)

Roger Sherman (1723-1793)

William Williams (1731-1811)

Oliver Wolcott (1726-1797)


John Adams (1735-1826)

Samuel Adams (1722-1803)

Elbridge Gerry (1744-1814)

John Hancock (1737-1793)

Robert Treat Paine (1731-1814)

New Hampshire

Josiah Bartlett (1729-1795)

Matthew Thornton (1714-1803)

William Whipple (1730-1785

Rhode Island

William Ellery (1727-1820)

Stephen Hopkins (1707-1785)


Twenty-one represented the Middle Colonies


Thomas McKean (1734-1817)

George Read (1733-1798)

Caesar Rodney (1728- 1784)

New Jersey

Abraham Clark (1726-1794)

John Hart (1711-1779)

Francis Hopkinson (1737-1791)

Richard Stockton (1730-1781)

John Witherspoon (1723-1794)—

New York

William Floyd (1734-1821)

Francis Lewis (1713-1802)

Philip Livingston (1716-1778)

Lewis Morris (1726-1798)


George Clymer (1739-1813)

Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)

Robert Morris (1734-1806)

John Morton (1725-1777)

George Ross (1730-1779)

Benjamin Rush (1745-1813)

James Smith (1719-1806)

George Taylor (1716-1781)

James Wilson (1742-1798)


Twenty-one represented the Southern Colonies


Button Gwinnett (1735-1777)

Lyman Hall (1724-1790)

George Walton (1741-1804)


Charles Carroll (1737-1832)

Samuel Chase (1741-1811)

William Paca (1740-1799)

Thomas Stone (1743-1787)

North Carolina

Joseph Hewes (1730- 1779)

William Hooper (1742-1790)

John Penn (1740-1788)—

South Carolina

Thomas Heyward, Jr. (1746-1809)

Thomas Lynch, Jr. (1749-1779)

Arthur Middleton (1742-1787)

Edward Rutledge (1749-1800)


Carter Braxton (1736-1797)

Benjamin Harrison (1726-1791)

Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826)

Francis Lightfoot Lee (1734-1797)

Richard Henry Lee (1732-1794)

Thomas Nelson, Jr. (1738-1789)

George Wythe (1726-1806)


Most of the signers were American born

Although eight were foreign born

The ages of the signers ranged from 26 (Edward Rutledge), the majority were in their thirties or forties, to 70 (Benjamin Franklin)

More than half of the signers were lawyers

The others were planters, merchants and shippers

Together they mutually pledged “to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor”

They were mostly men of means who had much to lose if the war was lost

None of the signers died at the hands of the British

One-third served as militia officers during the war

Four of the signers were taken captive during the war

Nearly all of them were poorer at the end of the war than at the beginning

No matter what each of these men did after July 1776, the actual signing of the Declaration of Independence which began on August 2 ensured them instant immortality


The following gives a bit of information about each signer AFTER the signing of the Declaration of Independence.


Samuel Huntington (1731-1796)—Samuel Huntington was a self-made man who distinguished himself in government on the state and national levels. He was the President of Congress from 1779-1781 and presided over the adoption of the Articles of Confederation in 1781.  He returned to Connecticut and was the Chief Justice of the Superior Court in 1784, Lieutenant Governor in 1785 and Governor from 1786-1796.  He was one of the first seven presidential electors from Connecticut.

Roger Sherman (1723-1793)—Roger Sherman was a member of the Committee of Five that was chosen to write the Declaration of Independence.  He and Robert Morris were the only individuals to sign the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution.   He was the Judge of the Superior Court of Connecticut from 1766-1789, a member of the Continental Congress from 1774-81; 1783-84 and a delegate to the Constitutional Convention in 1787.  Sherman proposed the famed “Connecticut Compromise” at the convention and represented Connecticut in the United States Senate from 1791-93.

William Williams (1731-1811)—William Williams was a graduate of Harvard, studied theology with his father and eventually became a successful merchant.  He fought in the French-Indian War and returned to Lebanon, Connecticut where he served for forty-four years as the town clerk.  He was elected to the Continental Congress from 1776-1777, and after signing the Declaration of Independence, Williams was a member of the committee that was instrumental in framing the Articles of Confederation.  He was a delegate to vote on the ratification of the Federal Constitution and also served as a Judge of the Windham County Courthouse.

Oliver Wolcott (1726-1797)—Oliver Wolcott was as much a soldier as he was a politician and served as a brigadier general in the New York campaigns from 1776-1777.  As a major general, he was involved in defending the Connecticut coast from attacks by the Royal Governor of New York.  He was Commissioner of Indian Affairs in 1775 and from 1784-89, a delegate to the Continental Congress from 1775-76 and 1778-84, Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut from 1786-96 and Governor from 1796-97.


Thomas McKean (1734-1817)—Thomas McKean was the last member of the Second Continental Congress to sign the Declaration of Independence.  He was a delegate to the Continental Congress from 1774-81 and served as a delegate to the Congress of the Confederation from 1781-1783.  After 1783, McKean became involved in the politics of Pennsylvania becoming  Chief Justice of Pennsylvania and the Governor of Pennsylvania from 1799-1812.  He retired from politics in 1812 and died at the age of 83 in 1817.

George Read (1733-1798)—George Read was the only signer of the Declaration of Independence who voted against the proposal for independence introduced by Richard Henry Lee of Virginia.  He was elected to the Continental Congress from 1774-1776, was a member of the Delaware Constitutional Convention in 1776, acting Governor of Delaware in 1777, a Judge on the Court of Appeals in 1780, State Senator from 1791-92, a United States Senator from 1789-1793 and Chief Justice of the State of Delaware from 1793-98.

Caesar Rodney (1728- 1784)—Caesar Rodney took a strong stand in favor of independence and because of that, was not reelected to Congress because of the conservatives in the state of Delaware.  They also blocked his election to the state legislature and his appointment to the state’s constitutional convention.  He was interested in military affairs and was involved in action in Delaware and New Jersey during the Revolutionary War.  He was reelected to Congress in 1777 and was nominated as state president from 1778-1781.  He died in 1784 while serving as Speaker of the Upper House of the Delaware Assembly.



Button Gwinnett (1735-1777)—After the Governor died in 1777, Button Gwinnett served as the Acting Governor of Georgia for two months, but did not achieve reelection.  His life was one of economic and political disappointment.  Button Gwinnett was the second signer of the Declaration to die as the result of a duel outside Savannah, Georgia.

Lyman Hall (1724-1790)—Lyman Hall was one of four signers trained as a minister and was a graduate of Princeton College.  During his life he also served as a doctor, governor and planter.  During the Revolutionary War, his property was destroyed and he was accused of treason.  He left Georgia and spent time in South Carolina and Connecticut to escape prosecution.  When the war was over, he went back to Georgia and began to practice medicine.  He served as Governor of Georgia from 1783-1784.

George Walton (1741-1804)—George Walton was elected to the Continental Congress in 1776, 1777, 1780 and 1781, Colonel of the First Georgia Militia, in 1778, Governor of Georgia from 1779-1780, Chief Justice of the State Superior Court of Georgia from 1783-89, a presidential elector in 1789, Governor of Georgia from 1789-1790 and a United States Senator from 1795-1796.  During the Revolutionary War, Walton was captured by the British in 1778 during the attack on Savannah and released within the year.  He was the founder of the Richmond Academy and Franklin College which later became the University of Georgia.


Charles Carroll (1737-1832)—Charles Carroll was one of the wealthiest men in America and was the oldest and longest surviving signer of the Declaration.  From 1789-1792 he served as one of Maryland’s two United States Senators.  He retired from politics in 1804 and spent the rest of his life managing his 80,000 acres of land in Maryland, Pennsylvania and New York.

Samuel Chase (1741-1811)—Samuel Chase was called the “Demosthenes of Maryland” for his oratorical skills.  In 1785 he represented Maryland at the Mt. Vernon conference to settle a dispute between Maryland and Virginia concerning navigation rights on the Potomac River.  He served as an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court from 1796-1811.  He was the only Supreme Court justice to be impeached in 1805.  He was charged with discriminating against supporters of Thomas Jefferson, and he was found to be not guilty.

William Paca (1740-1799)—William Paca was elected to the Continental Congress from 1774-78, appointed Chief Justice of Maryland in 1778, Governor of Maryland from 1782-1785 and Federal District Judge for the State of Maryland from 1789-99.  He was also a planter and a lawyer, but was a relatively minor figure in national affairs.  William Paca also served as a delegate to the Maryland ratification convention for the Federal Constitution.

Thomas Stone (1743-1787)—Thomas Stone was one of the most conservative of the signers along with Carter Braxton of Virginia, George Read of Delaware and Edward Rutledge of South Carolina.  He was elected to the Congress from 1775-78 and again in 1783. He was chosen to be a delegate to the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787 but had to decline because of the poor health of his wife.  Shortly after she died in 1787, a grief stricken Stone died a few months later before making a trip to England.


John Adams (1735-1826)—John Adams was the first Vice-President of the United States and the second President.  He was a member (along with Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, Robert Livingston and Roger Sherman) chosen to draft the Declaration of Independence.  He was the first President to attend Harvard University and the first to have a son become president.

Samuel Adams (1722-1803)—Samuel Adams was known as the “Firebrand of the Revolution” for his role as an agitator between the colonists and the British prior to the outbreak of hostilities on April 1775.  He served in the Continental Congress until 1781 and was a member of the Massachusetts State Senate from 1781-1788.  Because he was opposed to a stronger national government, Adams refused to attend the Constitutional Convention in 1787.  He served as Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts from 1789-1793 and Governor from 1794-1797.

Elbridge Gerry (1744-1814)—Elbridge Gerry served for a time as a member of the state legislature of Massachusetts. Although he attended the meetings in Philadelphia to write a new Constitution, at the end he was opposed to it because it lacked a bill of rights.   However, after a “change of heart,” he was a member of the House of Representatives for the first two Congresses from 1789-1793.  He was Governor of Massachusetts in 1810 and 1811 and died in office as Vice-President under James Madison in 1814.

John Hancock (1737-1793)—John Hancock was the President of the Second Continental Congress when the Declaration of Independence was adopted.  He, along with Samuel Adams, were the two most wanted men in the colonies by King George III.  He served as a major general during the Revolutionary War.  He was elected Governor of Massachusetts from 1780-1785 and 1787 until his death in 1793.  He was the seventh President of the United States in Congress assembled, from November 23, 1785 to June 6, 1786.  John Hancock was one of the original “fathers” of U.S. independence.

Robert Treat Paine (1731-1814)—Robert Treat Paine was elected to the Continental Congress, in 1774 and 1776, Attorney General for Massachusetts from 1777-1796, Judge, Supreme Court of Massachusetts from 1796-1804 and State Counselor in 1804.  During his time in Congress, Paine concentrated primarily on military and Indian concerns.  Because of his opposition to many proposals, he was known as the “Objection Maker.”  Paine was one of the original founders of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

New Hampshire

Josiah Bartlett (1729-1795)—Josiah Bartlett served in Congress until 1779 and then refused reelection because of fatigue.  On the state level he served as the first Chief Justice of the Common Pleas (1779-1782), Associate (1782-1788) and Chief justice of the Superior Court (1788-1790).  Bartlett founded the New Hampshire Medical Society in 1791 and was the Governor of New Hampshire (1793-1794).

Matthew Thornton (1714-1803)—Matthew Thornton served as Speaker of the New Hampshire House of Representatives, was an Associate Justice of the Superior Court and was elected to the Continental Congress in 1776.  He was one of six members who signed the Declaration of Independence after it was adopted by the Continental Congress.  He left Congress to return to New Hampshire to become an Associate Justice of the State Superior Court.  He spent his remaining years farming and operating a ferry on the Merrimack River.

William Whipple (1730-1785)—William Whipple was a former sea captain who commanded troops during the Revolutionary War and was a member of the Continental Congress from 1776-1779.  General Whipple was involved in the successful defeat of General John Burgoyne at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777.  He was a state legislator in New Hampshire from 1780-1784, Associate Justice of the New Hampshire Superior Court from 1782-1785, and a receiver for finances for the Congress of the Confederation.  He suffered from heart problems and died while traveling his court circuit in 1785.

New Jersey

Abraham Clark (1726-1794)—Abraham Clark was a farmer, surveyor and politician who spent most of his life in public service.  He was a member of the New Jersey state legislature, represented his state at the Annapolis Convention in 1786, and was opposed to the Constitution until it incorporated a bill of rights.  He served in the United States Congress for two terms from 1791 until his death in 1794.

John Hart (1711-1779)—John Hart became the Speaker of the Lower House of the New Jersey state legislature.  His property was destroyed by the British during the course of the Revolutionary War, and his wife died three months after the adoption of the Declaration of Independence.  During the ravaging of his home, Hart spent time in the Sourland Mountains in exile.

Francis Hopkinson (1737-1791)—Francis Hopkinson was a judge and lawyer by profession but also was a musician, poet and artist.  When the Revolutionary War was over, he became one of the most respected writers in the country.  He was later appointed Judge to the U.S. Court for the District of Pennsylvania in 1790.

Richard Stockton (1730-1781)—Richard Stockton was trained to be a lawyer and graduated from the College of New Jersey.  He was elected to the Continental Congress in 1776 and was the first of the New Jersey delegation to sign the Declaration of Independence.  In November 1776 he was captured by the British and was eventually released in 1777 in very poor physical condition.  His home at Morven was destroyed by the British during the war and he died in 1781 at the age of 50.

John Witherspoon (1723-1794)—John Witherspoon was the only active clergyman among the signers of the Declaration of Independence.  He was elected to the Continental Congress from 1776-1782, elected to the state legislature in New Jersey from 1783-1789 and was the president of the College of New Jersey from 1768-1792.  In his later years he spent a great deal of time trying to rebuild the College of New Jersey (Princeton).

New York

William Floyd (1734-1821)—William Floyd had his estate in New York destroyed by the British and Loyalists during the Revolutionary War.  He was a member of the United States Congress from 1789-1791 and was a presidential elector from New York four times.  He was later a major general in the New York militia and served as a state senator.

Francis Lewis (1713-1802)—Francis Lewis was one who truly felt the tragedy of the Revolutionary War.  His wife died as an indirect result of being imprisoned by the British, and he lost all of his property on Long Island, New York during the war.  When his wife died, Lewis left Congress and completely abandoned politics.

Philip Livingston (1716-1778)—Philip Livingston was not in Philadelphia to vote on the resolution for Independence, but did sign the actual Declaration of Independence on August 2, 1776.  During the Revolutionary War, the British used Livingston’s houses in New York as a navy hospital and a barracks for the troops.  He was the third signer to die after John Morton of Pennsylvania and Button Gwinnett of Georgia.

Lewis Morris (1726-1798)—Lewis Morris was a delegate to the Continental Congress, from 1775-77, a county judge in Worchester, New York from 1777-1778, served in the New York state legislature from 1777-1781 and 1784-1788 and was a member of the Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York.  During the Revolutionary War, Morris was a brigadier-general in the New York state militia, and all three of his sons served under General George Washington.

North Carolina

Joseph Hewes (1730- 1779)—Joseph Hewes was a merchant who was one of the most conservative signers of the Declaration of Independence.  He was a graduate of Princeton College, and he along with John Adams helped to establish the Continental Navy.  He was a member of the state legislature from 1778-1779 and was eventually reelected to the Continental Congress. He died a month after his reelection.

William Hooper (1742-1790)—William Hooper was a graduate of Harvard College and was highly successful in law and politics.  Because of his family situation and financial difficulties, he resigned from Congress to return to North Carolina.  During the war he was separated from his family for ten months and his property was destroyed.  After the war, he was elected to the state legislature and served there through 1786.

John Penn (1740-1788)—John Penn was one of sixteen signers of the Declaration of Independence who also signed the Articles of Confederation.  He was a member of the Continental Congress from 1775-77; 1779-80 and a member of the Board of War in 1780 which shared responsibility for military affairs with the governor. In 1784 he became a state tax receiver under the Articles of Confederation.  After retiring from politics, he practiced law until his death in 1788.


George Clymer (1739-1813)—George Clymer had a great deal of financial talent and signed both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.  His home was vandalized by the British in 1777 during the American Revolutionary War.  He served in the Pennsylvania state legislature from 1784-1788 and was a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1789-1791.  He was later appointed as “collector of taxes” on alcoholic beverages (especially whiskey) in Pennsylvania from 1791-1794.

Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790)—After the signing of the Declaration of Independence, Benjamin Franklin helped to negotiate the Treaty of Alliance with France in 1778 and the Treaty of Paris which ended the Revolutionary War in 1783.  He was one of the framers of the Constitution and was known as the “Sage of the Convention.”  He was also elected President of the Pennsylvania Society for the Promoting of the Abolition of Slavery.

Robert Morris (1734-1806)—Robert Morris has been considered the  “Financier of the Revolution,” and contributed his own money to help such causes as the support of troops at Valley Forge and the battles of Trenton and Princeton.  In 1781 he suggested a plan that became the Bank of North America and was the Superintendent of Finance under the Articles of Confederation.  Morris was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention, and was later offered the position of Secretary of the Treasury under the administration of George Washington.  He declined the position and suggested Alexander Hamilton who became our first Secretary of the Treasury. He served as a United States Senator from Pennsylvania from 1789-1795.

John Morton (1725-1777)—John Morton was the first signer of the Declaration of Independence to die and was one of nine signers from Pennsylvania.   He was elected to the Second Continental Congress from 1774-77, and was the chairman of the committee that reported the Articles of Confederation.  He contracted an inflammatory fever and died in Ridley Park, Delaware County, Pa., in April 1777, and is buried in St. Paul’s Burial Ground in Chester, Pennsylvania.

George Ross (1730-1779)—George Ross was elected to the Second Continental Congress from 1776-1777, was a colonel in the Continental Army in 1776; was Vice President of the Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention in 1776 and Judge of the Admiralty Court of Pennsylvania in 1779.  He was not a member of Congress when it voted for independence on July 2, 1776.  Because of illness, he was forced to resign his seat in Congress in 1777.

Benjamin Rush (1745-1813)—Benjamin Rush was elected to the Continental Congress in 1776, appointed Surgeon General in the Middle Department of the Continental Army in 1777, instructor and physician at the University of Pennsylvania in 1778, Treasurer of the U.S. Mint from 1779-1813, and professor of Medical Theory and Clinical Practice at the University of Pennsylvania from 1791-1813.  During the Revolutionary War, Rush was part of an unsuccessful plot to relieve General George Washington of his military command.  He was the most well-known doctor and medical instructor in the United States.  He was a trustee of Dickinson College, helped to found the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery and was a member of the American Philosophical Society.

James Smith (1719-1806)—James Smith was elected to the Continental Congress on July 20, 1776 after the votes had been taken on the resolution for independence and the adoption of the Declaration of Independence.  From 1779-1782 he held a number of state offices including one term in the state legislature and a few months as a Judge of the state High Court of Appeals. He was also appointed a brigadier general in the Pennsylvania militia in 1782.

George Taylor (1716-1781)—George Taylor came to the colonies as an indentured servant and eventually was an Ironmaster at the Warwick Furnace and Coventry Forge.  He was a member of the Continental Congress from 1775-1777.  He returned to Pennsylvania and was elected to the new Supreme Executive Assembly, but served for a very short period of time because of illness and financial difficulties.   His Durham Furnace manufactured ammunition for the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War.

James Wilson (1742-1798)—James Wilson was elected to the Congress from 1775-77 and 1785-87, chosen to be one of the directors of the Bank of North America in 1781, a member of the Constitutional Convention in 1787 and appointed by President George Washington to be an Associate Justice to the US. Supreme Court from 1789-1798.  He experienced personal and financial difficulty in his later years and spent time in debtor’s prison while serving on the Supreme Court.

South Carolina

Thomas Heyward, Jr. (1746-1809)—Thomas Heyward was a planter and lawyer and was one of three signers from South Carolina captured and imprisoned by the British.  He signed the Articles of Confederation while a member of the Continental Congress.  He returned to South Carolina and became a judge and a member of the state legislature.  The British destroyed Heyward’s home at White Hall during the war and he was held prisoner until 1781.  After the war, he served two terms in the state legislature from 1782-1784.  Thomas Heyward became the first President of the Agricultural Society of South Carolina.

Thomas Lynch, Jr. (1749-1779)—Thomas Lynch, Jr. was an aristocratic planter who was the youngest signer of the Declaration of Independence to die at the age of thirty.  He was trained as a lawyer and graduated from Cambridge University in England, and was elected to the Second Continental Congress to carry on the duties of his ill father.  Thomas Lynch Sr. and Thomas Lynch Jr. were the only father and son team to serve concurrently in the Continental Congress.  Thomas Lynch, Jr. and his wife were enroute to France in 1779 when their ship was lost at sea.

Arthur Middleton (1742-1787)—Arthur Middleton was chosen to replace his more conservative father in the Continental Congress in 1776, but failed to attend most of the sessions.  He was captured by the British and was held captive for over a year in St. Augustine, Florida.  During the time of his incarceration, the British destroyed most of his property.  After his release in 1781, Middleton returned to politics and served in the Virginia state legislature and was a trustee of the College of Charleston.

Edward Rutledge (1749-1800)—Edward Rutledge was elected to the Continental Congress from 1774-76 and 1779, a captain in the Charleston Battalion of Artillery from 1776-1779, a state legislator from 1782-1798, College of Electors in the presidential elections of 1788, 1792, 1796 and elected Governor for South Carolina in 1798.  He was the youngest of the signers of the Declaration of Independence.  During the Revolutionary War, Rutledge was a military captain involved in the campaigns at Port Royal Island and Charleston, South Carolina.  He was captured by the British in 1780 and held as a prisoner until 1781.  From 1782-1798 Rutledge was a member of the state legislature and was elected Governor in 1798.


Rhode Island

William Ellery (1727-1820)—William Ellery served with distinction in the Congress of the Confederation until 1786 when he accepted the post of Commissioner of the Continental Loan Office of Rhode Island.  He served in that position until 1790 when he was appointed Customs Collector in Newport.   Although the British destroyed his home during the American Revolution, Ellery was later able to rebuild his fortune.

Stephen Hopkins (1707-1785)—Stephen Hopkins was the second oldest signer of the Declaration of Independence (next to Benjamin Franklin).  He served on the committee that was responsible for the creation of the Articles of Confederation.  He was forced to resign from the Congress in 1776 because of health problems, but was elected to the state legislature of Rhode Island upon his return.



Carter Braxton (1736-1797)—Carter Braxton was elected to the Virginia state legislature after the signing of the Declaration of Independence and also served on the Governor’s Executive Council.  The American Revolutionary War caused him great hardship and he died in financial ruin in Richmond, Virginia.

Benjamin Harrison (1726-1791)—Benjamin Harrison was nicknamed the “Falstaff of Congress” and was the father of President William Henry Harrison and great-grandfather of President Benjamin Harrison.  He was the Speaker of the Lower House of the Virginia state legislature from 1777-1781 and served three terms as Governor of Virginia from 1781-1783.  He was originally in opposition of the new Federal Constitution, but later favored it when it was decided to add a bill of rights.

Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826)—Thomas Jefferson was the chief author of the Declaration of Independence.  He was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1776-79, elected Governor of Virginia in 1779 and 1780, the Associate Envoy to France in 1784, Minister to the French Court in 1785, United States Secretary of State from 1789-1793, Vice President of the United States from 1791-1801, President of the United States from 1801-1809 and established the University of Virginia in 1810.  He was one of the most brilliant men of his time.

Francis Lightfoot Lee (1734-1797)—Francis Lightfoot Lee was the younger brother of Richard Henry Lee.  He signed both the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation as well as serving on both the military and marine committees during his time in Congress.  He left Congress in 1779 and served a few years in the Virginia state legislature.

Richard Henry Lee (1732-1794)—Richard Henry Lee introduced the resolution for independence to the Second Continental Congress in June 1776. He was a Virginia state legislator from 1780-1784 and served in the national Congress again from 1784-1789.  He was initially opposed to the Constitution because it lacked a bill of rights, but he was elected Senator from Virginia from 1789-1792.  However, Lee was forced to resign in 1792 due to poor health.

Thomas Nelson, Jr. (1738-1789)—Thomas Nelson, Jr. had his Congressional career shortened because of health problems.  He served as the commanding General of the Lower Virginia Militia during the Revolutionary War.  He was a delegate to the Continental Congress from 1775-77; 1779 and was elected Governor of Virginia in 1781 after Thomas Jefferson declined reelection.  He spent his remaining years handling his business affairs.

George Wythe (1726-1806)—George Wythe was more well-known as being a classical scholar who taught such great men as Thomas Jefferson, James Monroe, John Marshall and Henry Clay.  He was elected to the Continental Congress from 1775-76, Speaker of the Virginia House from 1777-78 and judge of the Chancery Court of Virginia from 1789-1806.  He was also appointed the first chair of law at the College of William and Mary.  Wythe died mysteriously in 1806 by being poisoned.